This is an article by Soorty Product Development Team
Color is what makes our nature so beautiful and we are inspired by them also want to paint our lives in their colorful palates. We are living in a age where most dyes are manufactured synthetically and we can’t have any grouse as they are physically and chemically superior to those naturally produced by our forefathers and ,most importantly, they are cheaper.
But if we really study our dyes we would understand that most of them our inspired from naturally occurring dyes. Let’s have a look at the table below for instance:
· Safflower .· Caseapina ,· Madder ,· Lac
· Bogainvillea ,· Golden Rod ,· Teak ,· Marigold ,· Parijata ,· Kimbazi flower
Dyes from the natural sources have poor fastness properties. Natural dyes require mordant to fix them to the fabric and prevent color from fading. There are three types of mordants:
Metal salts of aluminum, chromium , iron copper and tin are used
Myrobalan and Sumuch are the commonly used tannins
Oil mordants are used mainly in the dyeing of turkey red color from madder. The main function of the oil mordant is to form a complex with alum used as the main mordant. The sulfonated oils, which possess better metal binding capacity than the natural oils due to the presence of sulfonic acid group, bind to metal ions forming a complex with the dye to give superior fastness and hue.
Innovative uses of Natural Dyes
Natural dyes are being used as photo sensitizer for titanium di oxide based dye sensitized solar cells. They are useful to create a new kind of solar cells which can revolutionize the solar cell industry.
Natural dyes are also used as an anti ultra violet light protector finish. This is preventing skin cancers. They are also being used in water filtration and purification.
Anti microbial Properties of Natural dyes
Textile materials and clothing are known to be vulnerable to microbial activity, as these provide large surface area and soak up moisture required for microbial augmentation .Natural fibers have protein (keratin) and cellulose, etc., which supply essential requirements such as moisture, oxygen, nutrients and temperature for bacteria development and multiplication. This often leads to objectionable odor, dermal infection, product deterioration, allergic responses and other related diseases. Some of the natural dyes also tend to show antimicrobial properties. Dyes derived from Acacia catechu, Quercus infectoria, Rubia cordifolia(madder) and Rumex maritimus show anti microbial activity. Soorty has collection by the name of “University Life”, which exhibits excellent anti microbial properties.
Natural dye in Rwanda’ by Atelier Rwanda
Natural dye in Rwanda’ by Atelier Rwanda is a research based project which explores the full cycle of natural dyeing in the context of contemporary textile production in Rwanda.. The project, led by the designers Eugenia Morpurgo and Maya Ben David, was based on collaboration with local basketry craftswoman, a class of tailors and a group of students from the Kist University of Kigali as part of a workshop which recently took place in Kigali.This project reflects the possibilities in dyeing with natural dyes.
Natural Dye: Green tea
Mian Sajeel Sohail from the Product development department of Soorty explains how they ventured in to developing a cast inspired by tea.
“We all are green tea addicts, specially myself. I come to office and first thing I want to have is my jasmine green tea. Once I accidently poured my tea over a denim leg which was on my table. The denim leg was sprayed with PP. I left my desk for a meeting and when I came back I noticed a slight yellowish-greenish tint. That made us curious and started a month long “Green tea” Spill marathon. I used to pour around 10 ml of tea on the same leg everyday for a month and result was quite astonishing”
Tea is a very complex compound and there are many parts of it which may contribute to the color of tea extract. A common tea contains: